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Вопросы современной педиатрии

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Пневмонии у детей: причины развития и современные возможности профилактики

Аннотация

Среди инфекций нижних дыхательных путей внебольничная пневмония представляет одну из серьезных проблем детского возраста. По данным зарубежных исследований распространенность внебольничной пневмонии составляет 34–40 случаев на 1000 детей в год. В России показатели распространенности этого заболевания ниже — по разным данным колеблются в пределах 4–12 случаев на 1000 детей в возрасте от 1 мес до 15 лет, что связано с использованием более строгих критериев диагностики пневмонии. Внебольничная пневмония редко приводит к летальному исходу, однако в развивающихся странах является лидирующей причиной детской смертности. Ежегодно в мире от пневмококковых инфекций умирают от 700 тыс. до 1 млн детей, поэтому вопросы своевременной диагностики, адекватной терапии и специфической профилактики болезни весьма актуальны. Обзор литературы проведен с целью акцентировать внимание педиатров на причинах развития пневмонии, новых возможностях профилактики и необходимости выделения групп пациентов, для которых специфическая профилактика является эффективной и наиболее актуальной.
Ключевые слова: дети, пневмония, иммунодефицитные состояния, профилактика.

Об авторе

Е.В. Галкина
Клиника «Альянс Франсез», Москва


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Для цитирования:


Галкина Е. Пневмонии у детей: причины развития и современные возможности профилактики. Вопросы современной педиатрии. 2011;10(4):23–28.

For citation:


Galkina E. PNEUMONIA IN CHILDREN: CAUSES AND MODERN OPPORTUNITIES OF PROPHYLAXIS. Current Pediatrics. 2011;10(4):23–28. (In Russ.)

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