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Вопросы современной педиатрии

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РЕТИНОПАТИЯ НЕДОНОШЕННЫХ КАК ДОМИНИРУЮЩАЯ ПРОБЛЕМА НЕОНАТАЛЬНОЙ ОФТАЛЬМОЛОГИИ

https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v13i2.968

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Аннотация

На протяжении уже более 70 лет ретинопатия недоношенных (прежнее название ― ретролентальная фиброплазия) остается в центре внимания специалистов, занимающихся оказанием неонатальной помощи. Это обусловлено, с одной стороны, высоким риском развития слепоты и инвалидности по зрению, а, с другой, — неуклонным ростом уровня выхаживания, позволяющего сохранить жизнь детям, ранее считавшимся инкурабельными. Успех в предупреждения развития тяжелых форм заболевания в настоящее время зависит не только от знаний и умений детских офтальмологов. В значительной мере это связано с усилиями и настороженностью по отношению к данной проблеме всех звеньев, участвующих в выхаживании недоношенных детей: начиная от родильного отделения, включая отделения реанимации и патологии новорожденных, и заканчивая поликлиническим звеном. В статье по результатам обзора современной литературы даны основные сведения об этиологии, факторах риска, патогенезе, классификации, клинических проявлениях, диагностике, профилактике и лечении ретинопатии недоношенных. Также отмечены тенденции выявления заболевания в новейшей истории России. Важно отметить, что в Российской Федерации в последние годы актуальность данной проблемы значительно возросла в связи с переходом с 1 января 2012 г. на рекомендованные экспертами Всемирной организации здравоохранения критерии живорождения.

Об авторе

П. В. Розенталь
Детская городская клиническая больница № 1 Приокского района г. Нижнего Новгорода
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Розенталь П.В. РЕТИНОПАТИЯ НЕДОНОШЕННЫХ КАК ДОМИНИРУЮЩАЯ ПРОБЛЕМА НЕОНАТАЛЬНОЙ ОФТАЛЬМОЛОГИИ. Вопросы современной педиатрии. 2014;13(2):12-19. https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v13i2.968

For citation:


Rozental’ P.V. RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURE INFANTS AS A MAIN PROBLEM OF NEONATAL OPHTHALMOLOGY. Current Pediatrics. 2014;13(2):12-19. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v13i2.968

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