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Новая коронавирусная инфекция: особенности клинического течения, возможности диагностики, лечения и профилактики инфекции у взрослых и детей

https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v19i2.2105

Полный текст:

Аннотация

В декабре 2019 г. в городе Ухани (провинция Хубэй, Китай) были зарегистрированы первые случаи новой коронавирусной инфекции. Уже к началу апреля 2020 г. инфекция явилась причиной смерти более 100 тыс. человек во всем мире. В обзоре проведен анализ особенностей течения инфекции у взрослых и детей, а также возможностей диагностики, лечения и профилактики COVID-19. Согласно опубликованным данным, можно выделить группы высокого риска по развитию тяжелых форм заболевания, к которым относятся лица пожилого возраста, лица с латентной туберкулезной инфекцией, взрослые пациенты с тяжелой сопутствующей патологией. В настоящее время имеются ограниченные эпидемиологические данные о распространении, заболеваемости и смертности COVID-19 в детской популяции. Вместе с тем уже сейчас можно сделать вывод о легком, средней тяжести и бессимптомном течении заболевания у детей в 90% случаев. Лечение больных COVID-19 ограничено отсутствием средств для этиотропной терапии и возможностью применения только симптоматической терапии. Вакцины для предупреждения COVID-19 также отсутствуют.

Об авторах

А. А. Старшинова
Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр им. В.А. Алмазова
Россия

Старшинова Анна Андреевна - доктор медицинских наук, начальник управления научными исследованиями НМИЦ им. В.А. Алмазова.

197341, Санкт-Петербург, ул. Аккуратова д. 2.



Е. А. Кушнарева
Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр им. В.А. Алмазова
Россия

197341, Санкт-Петербург, ул. Аккуратова д. 2.



А. М. Малкова
Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет
Россия

Санкт-Петербург.



И. Ф. Довгалюк
Санкт-Петербургский научно-исследовательский институт фтизиопульмонологии
Россия
Санкт-Петербург.


Д. А. Кудлай
ГНЦ Институт иммунологии
Россия

Москва.



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Для цитирования:


Старшинова А.А., Кушнарева Е.А., Малкова А.М., Довгалюк И.Ф., Кудлай Д.А. Новая коронавирусная инфекция: особенности клинического течения, возможности диагностики, лечения и профилактики инфекции у взрослых и детей. Вопросы современной педиатрии. 2020;19(2):123-131. https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v19i2.2105

For citation:


Starshinova A.A., Kushnareva E.A., Malkova A.M., Dovgalyuk I.F., Kudlay D.A. New Coronaviral Infection: Features of Clinical Course, Capabilities of Diagnostics, Treatment and Prevention in Adults and Children. Current Pediatrics. 2020;19(2):123-131. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v19i2.2105

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