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Вопросы современной педиатрии

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ИЗБИРАТЕЛЬНЫЙ АППЕТИТ У ДЕТЕЙ

https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v12i6.868

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Аннотация

В обзоре литературы суммированы современные данные, посвященные проблеме избирательного аппетита у детей. Избирательный аппетит — достаточно новое понятие, не имеющее точного количественного определения. Детьми с избирательным аппетитом («капризными едоками» или «малоежками») обычно называют тех, которые употребляют однообразную пищу, отвергая как знакомые, так и незнакомые продукты. Распространенность избирательного аппетита среди детей зависит от используемых критериев оценки и колеблется от 8 до 60%. Эта особенность пищевого поведения имеет тенденцию к сохранению на протяжении всего детского возраста. В различных исследованиях у детей с избирательным аппетитом было установлено сниженное потребление практически всех макро- и микронутриентов. Хронический дефицит нутриентов у детей с избирательным аппетитом может стать причиной отставания в физическом развитии и нарушения когнитивных функций. Таким детям рекомендуется нутритивная поддержка для обеспечения возрастной потребности в нутриентах и нормализации процессов роста. Описываемая в статье питательная смесь выполняет функцию «пищевого страхования», обеспечивая достаточное и сбалансированное питание для ребенка с ограниченным рационом. Для решения проблемы необходима совместная работа педиатров, диетологов и психологов/психоневрологов.

Об авторе

Е. В. Павловская
НИИ питания РАМН, Москва
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Павловская Е.В. ИЗБИРАТЕЛЬНЫЙ АППЕТИТ У ДЕТЕЙ. Вопросы современной педиатрии. 2013;12(6):10-18. https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v12i6.868

For citation:


Pavlovskaya E.V. SELECTIVE APPETITE IN CHILDREN. Current Pediatrics. 2013;12(6):10-18. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v12i6.868

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