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Вопросы современной педиатрии

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ПРИМЕНЕНИЕ ПАРЕНТЕРАЛЬНОГО ПИТАНИЯ У НЕДОНОШЕННЫХ ДЕТЕЙ

https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v14i2.1288

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Аннотация

Недоношенность и, как следствие, выраженная морфофункциональная незрелость всех органов и систем организма вносят существенный вклад в показатели заболеваемости и смертности. Эффективность выхаживания недоношенных детей во многом зависит от адекватности программы энтерального и парентерального питания. Сбалансированное и правильно организованное питание является одной из важнейших составляющих выхаживания недоношенных детей, определяющих не только ближайший, но и отдаленный прогноз. Представлен обзор литературы по применению парентерального питания у недоношенных детей. Указаны основные показания, дозировки, время начала, стратегия назначения «агрессивного» питания. Основной вывод — в том, что необходимо использовать более высокие дозы при расчете парентерального питания, а также важно раннее назначение аминокислот и жировых эмульсий. Ранняя «агрессивная» тактика питания хорошо переносится недоношенными детьми и обеспечивает адекватные темпы физического развития в постнатальном периоде без неблагоприятных исходов.

 

Об авторах

Н. П. Молоканова
Волгоградский государственный медицинский университет, Российская Федерация
Россия

аспирант кафедры педиатрии и неонатологии ФУВ Волгоградского государственного медицинского университета
Адрес: 400131, Волгоград, пл. Павших Борцов, д. 1, тел.: +7 (8442) 74-15-09,



Л. К. Гавриков
Волгоградский государственный медицинский университет, Российская Федерация
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Молоканова Н.П., Гавриков Л.К. ПРИМЕНЕНИЕ ПАРЕНТЕРАЛЬНОГО ПИТАНИЯ У НЕДОНОШЕННЫХ ДЕТЕЙ. Вопросы современной педиатрии. 2015;14(2):207-211. https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v14i2.1288

For citation:


Molokanova N.P., Gavrikov L.K. APPLICATION OF PARENTERAL NUTRITION IN PREMATURE INFANTS. Current Pediatrics. 2015;14(2):207-211. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v14i2.1288

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