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Вопросы современной педиатрии

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ПРЕБИОТИКИ В ДЕТСКИХ МОЛОЧНЫХ СМЕСЯХ

https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v14i1.1260

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Аннотация

Микробиота желудочно-кишечного тракта отличается у младенцев, находящихся на грудном вскармливании и у детей, получающих стандартные молочные смеси. В то время как материнское молоко богато пребиотическими олигосахаридами, а также может содержать некоторые пробиотики, стандартная детская смесь не содержит ни того, ни другого. В рецептуре детских смесей используют различные пребиотические компоненты: галакто- и фруктоолигосахариды, полидекстрозу и их сочетания. Имеются свидетельства того, что добавление пребиотиков в детское питание позволяет приблизить микробиоту желудочно-кишечного тракта младенцев, получающих молочные смеси, к микробиоте детей, находящихся на грудном вскармливании. Пребиотики изменяют метаболическую активность микрофлоры кишечника (снижают pH стула, увеличивают содержание короткоцепочечных жирных кислот), оказывают бифидогенное воздействие и обеспечивают консистенцию стула и частоту дефекации, приближенную к этим параметрам у младенцев, находящихся на грудном вскармливании. Существуют немногочисленные свидетельства того, что такие изменения микробиоты желудочно-кишечного тракта могут оказывать определенное влияние на становление иммунной системы ребенка. Нежелательные явления при применении пребиотиков регистрируют чрезвычайно редко.

 

Об авторах

И. Ванденплас
Педиатрическая гастроэнтерология, UZ Brussel, Свободный университет Брюсселя, Бельгия
Бельгия

профессор, UZ Brussel, Свободный университет Брюсселя
Адрес: Ларбеклан 101, 1090, Брюссель, Бельгия, тел.: + 32-2-47-57-80



И. Н. Захарова
Российская медицинская академия последипломного образования, Москва, Российская Федерация
Россия


Ю. А. Дмитриева
Российская медицинская академия последипломного образования, Москва, Российская Федерация
Россия
 


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Для цитирования:


Ванденплас И., Захарова И.Н., Дмитриева Ю.А. ПРЕБИОТИКИ В ДЕТСКИХ МОЛОЧНЫХ СМЕСЯХ. Вопросы современной педиатрии. 2015;14(1):31-37. https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v14i1.1260

For citation:


Vandenplas Y., Zakharova I.N., Dmitrieva Y.A. PREBIOTICS IN INFANT FORMULAS. Current Pediatrics. 2015;14(1):31-37. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15690/vsp.v14i1.1260

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